Following the Short Revisionist History, I got really interested in the bigger picture, how this technology developed and where it came from. A huge shoutout to Luminous Landscape on helping with much info to put this timeline together… thanks to all!
I figure this is a work in progress, check back for updates!
|1970s: On-Demand (DoD) Technology: Pressure generated by voltage pulse applied to piezo element|
|1976||Inkjet technology developed||IBM 4640 ink-jet printer introduced as a word processing hardcopy-output peripheral application.|
|1977||Seimens PT-80 uses drop-on-demand inkjet technology|
|1978||Piezoelectric inkjet printer||(citation needed)|
|1979||Canon invents bubble-jet (BJ) technology||Pressure built up by expanding vapor bubble above small heat|
|~1979: Hewlett-Packard||(Independently) develops on-demand impulse method|
|1984||ThinkJet by Hewlett Packard||First mass produced (b/w) thermal inkjet printer|
|First disposable inkjet cartridge|
|1987||First Color inkjet printer – HP Paintjet||Code named “Squirt”, required special paper, its print cartridges required “priming and wiping” (with a pump and brush supplied with the product), its paper advance mechanism required a special size paper, limited operating humidity range (+20% to +50% RH), fast with good print quality (180dpi).|
|Late 1980s: IJ-technology replaces dot-matrix pin printers to conquer low-cost market of rapidly expanding PC industry|
|1989||Epson patents MicroPiezo Technology|
|Iris Graphics 3047||First Large-format inkjet photo printer|
|1991||Encad Novajet||Wide-format inkjet printer, first of its type on the market, low price and high-quality printing, not able to render photographic images with precision|
|1993||NovaJet II||2nd gen. version offered a distinct improvement in photo reproduction, with 300 by 300 dot-per-inch (dpi) resolution and streak-free printouts of photographs|
|HP DesignJet 650C||HP’s first large-format color inkjet printer|
|1994||EPSON Stylus® COLOR, EPSON Stylus® Color 600, EPSON Stylus® Color 800||Six-color photo quality printer, Desktop color ink jet printer with 720 dpi resolution|
|1997||EPSON Stylus® Color Photo||Six-color photo quality printer, Desktop color ink jet printers with 1440 dpi resolution|
|1998||EPSON Stylus Color 740||Color ink jet printer with built-in USB connectivity|
|HP DJ 2500/3500||600 dpi Photo-quality|
|1999||EPSON Stylus Color 900||World’s fastest color ink jet printer in its class|
|iMac printer (EPSON Stylus Color 740i)|
|ColorSpan Giclee Printmaker||drum-based printer, used 8 inks|
|2000||Mutoh (Agfa, Kodak), Mimaki (Stork) and Roland,|
|Epson Stylus Photo 870/1270, P2000, 7500, 9500|
|2002||Epson 4000, 7600, 9600, P2200||World’s first 2 picoliter ink drop in an ink jet printer, first seven-color archival desktop photo printer|
|Canon i9900, IP8500|
|Epson R800, R1800|
|2005||Epson 3800, 4800, 7800, 9800, R2400|
|2006||Canon Pro9500, PROGRAF IPF5000, IPF9000|
Wilhelm’s 15-year overview of ink permanence in inkjet printing (pdf download).
Jeff Dwoskin’s Timeline of Printers.
Printhead911- Progress and Trends in Inkjet Printing Technology.
Jens Ducrée and Roland Zengerie: Ink-Jet Technology (pdf download).
The HP Computer Museum.
My own Brief History of Inkjet Printing.